Scientific Name: Sepia Sp.
Australian Standard Fish Name: Cuttlefish
AQIS Code: CUT
Australian Species Code: 23 607901
Catch Method: Wild caught
cuttlefishes; giant cuttlefish; golden
cuttlefish; Pharaoh's cuttlefish; Smith's cuttlefish
Cuttlefish are marine animals of the order Sepiida belonging to the
Cephalopoda class (which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses).
Despite their common name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs. Recent studies
indicate that cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrate species.
Cuttlefish have an internal shell (cuttlebone), large W-shaped pupils, and eight
arms and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they
secure their prey.
Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish and other cuttlefish. Their
predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals and other cuttlefish. Their life
expectancy is about one to two years.
Cuttlefish are taken as a bycatch
by Australian commercial fishermen, mainly in prawn fisheries.
Larger cuttlefish are kept for
sale, while smaller ones are only marketed if sufficient quantities are caught.
They are sold in Australia for human consumption and bait.
Cuttlefish primarily feed on
demersal fish and crustaceans.
Cuttlefish requires quick cooking if the flesh is not to become tough. It
can be stuffed and grilled whole. Tenderise squid and cuttlefish with raw papaya
or kiwifruit in milk 2-4 hours before cooking.
||Low to Medium
||Translucent to White
These are low-priced molluscs.
||Heads of small squid,
flesh of the mantle, fins, arms and tentacles, Ink.
|Nutrition Facts for Cuttlefish
(Based on 100g of Raw Product)
||328 (78 calories)
|Total Fat (Oil)
||42% of total fat
||7% of total fat
||51% of total fat
Flesh: 80% of total weight
Other Uses for Cuttlefish
Cuttlefish possess an internal structure called the cuttlebone, which is
porous and composed of calcium carbonate, to provide the cuttlefish with
buoyancy. Buoyancy can be regulated by changing the gas-to-liquid ratio in the
chambered cuttlebone. Each species has a distinct shape, size, and pattern of
ridges or texture on the cuttlebone. The cuttlebone is unique to cuttlefish, one
of the features contrasting them with their squid relatives. Cuttlebones are
traditionally used by jewelers and silversmiths as moulds for casting small
objects. They are probably better known today as the tough material given to
parakeets and other cage birds as a source of dietary calcium.
Cuttlefish Ink - Cuttlefish have ink, like
squid and octopuses. This ink was formerly an important dye, called sepia. Today
artificial dyes have replaced natural sepia.
- From Sea-Ex.com
US Food & Drug Administration:
Health Certificate - for imports of
live bivalve molluscs intended for human consumption
FDA/CFSAN - European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
- European Union (EU) and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Export
Certificates for Fishery/Aquaculture Products and Live/Raw Molluscan Shellfish
LIVE MOLLUSCAN SHELLFISH GROWING AREA LIST (AREAS/ZONES) BY STATE for
US FDA - EU SEAFOOD PROCESSOR EXPORT
In the past the EU has accepted and used the FDA list of approved seafood
establishments for acceptance of U.S. seafood shipments. However, due to a
change in EU legislation, the EU began maintaining their own Official List of
approved establishments. This has resulted in two separate (and different)